Effect of edible bird nest on global gene and protein expression of Wharton’s jelly derived human mesenchymal stem cells. the potential medicinal effects of edible bird nest including increased cell proliferation, improved, immune functions and promoted wound healing.
Edible bird nest mainly comprises a secretion of the salivary gland of Swiftlet’s nest (Aerodromus Fuciphagus) has been used for centuries whether as a tonic or a health food. Traditional Chinese Medical practitioners believe these edible bird nests could help to cure sicknesses especially those related to lungs. Edible bird nest is also useful for the beauty and aesthetic industry.
Ever since Tang Dynasty (618-708 AD), Edible bird nest (EBN) has been recognized as an important food supplement in Chinese cuisine and pharmaceutical. it was prepared in double boiling manner together with rock sugar to produce a gastronomic delicacy and traditionally Chinese people would consume this tonic food in the form of a delicate bird's nest soup and serve as a remedy for variety purpose. Several early traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) books mentioned the beneficial effects of this alternative food as a remedy in the treatment of flu and respiratory symptoms, and reducing cough. Some of favorable effects of this soup that have been claimed are anti-aging, anti-cancer, immune booster, mucolytic, tuberculosis, gastric uler, hematemesis, aphrodisiac, renal dysfunctions, asthma, cough and energy and metabolism stimulant. Although a number of benefits from consuming EBN have been made, these is still limited number of scientific publication reported to prove such claim. Therefore, this research has been designed in order to prove the involvement of EBN in reducing cholesterol in mammalian cells particularly human liver cell.
The major nutrient components of EBN are high proteins and carbohydrates, and essential trace elements such as calcium, sodium, magnesium, zinc, manganese and iron. Traditionally used as a food delicacy, EBN is also an important ingredient in traditional Chinese medicine for health enhancing effects ranging from enhancing complexion and strengthening the immune system.
History of Bird Nest.
Bird nest was considered delicacies among the rich and royal household then.
The consumption of bird nest has existed since the Tang, Ming and Qing dynasties in China with the earliest documented record of the bird nest trade was found in the journal of Chinese trader and explorer, Admiral Chen Ho in the year 1500s.